Tuesday, April 26, 2011

2-4 Pressure Canning Spaghetti Sauce, 2-5 Easy Spaghetti Soup for Two

 As a child, I  thought it was amazing that anyone could actually preserve their own food by canning since everything we ate came from stores. Even though my mother had grown up watching her own mother can many foods, she never canned any food for us.

In addition to all the work involved in canning, perhaps my mother was put off by her recollection of stories of women whose pressure canners malfunctioned. She told us about the canner lids that blew off which impacted faces, tore off fingers and scalded skin...it was enough to scare me out of ever wanting to use a pressure canner.

When I had four young children to feed and a large garden, however, I did venture into the safe world of water-bath canning...a process that  may only be used for high-acid fruits and vegetables. It was tiresome work, but the resulting jars of goodness used to fill my pantry like summer gold. .

Years later, as an empty-nester living in rural Missouri, I made friends with a group of wonderful Mennonite people and one of them, a dear woman named Emma, volunteered to show me how to use a pressure canner...she assured me that the process was quite easy and that today's canners were very safe.

One summer afternoon, I helped Emma prepare green beans and jars for my canning lesson. I could not believe how easy it really was. The jars did not need to be sterilized...the packing was almost effortless and only about and inch and a half of water was needed to pressurize the canner. We set the canner on the burner, loaded it with jars, sealed the lid, turned on the heat and waited for the pressure regulator weight to jiggle and then adjusted the heat to maintain the correct pressure. Timing was easy and the unit was not moved or opened until it had totally cooled. The jars of beans came out beautifully and neither of us was scalded or maimed and we both had all of our fingers!

Since that day, I have pressure canned beans, carrots, zucchini, corned beef, chili sauce and spaghetti sauce. I have loved preserving some of the foods that make up the flavors of my life...

Pressure Canning Spaghetti Sauce




1 ½ quarts homemade spaghetti sauce with ground beef (Post #41)
6 pint jars
6 lids
6 bands

Pressure canner

Water



Put 1 ½” of water in bottom of pressure cooker, add rack. (Canner lid edge should be lubricated lightly following manufacturer’s directions). Place pot on largest burner.

Cook spaghetti sauce and keep warm or hot; meanwhile prepare jars, lids and bands by washing with hot water. Set clean, empty jars on a paper towel. Place a jar-funnel in jar and fill clean hot jar with sauce; leave 1” of head space. Remove funnel and place lid on top of filled jar. Seal tightly with band. Place jar on rack in pressure canner. Fill remaining jars and place inside cooker.

Place lid on top of pressure canner and seal according to manufacturer’s directions. Place regulator weight on top of vent pipe on 10 # pressure. Turn up heat and watch gauge. When gauge reaches 240 degrees F, weight regulator will jiggle. Adjust heat to maintain heat level. Cook for 75 minutes. Turn off heat after cooking time is up. Do not move canner. Let unit cool down. Carefully remove weight with a pot holder. Steam may escape. When pot is cold, unfasten lid and remove jars. Set jars on a towel and wipe off. Make sure all lids are sucked downward…this indicates a good seal. When contents are cold, remove the bands. Wipe edges if necessary. Store as you would any other canned food.

Easy Spaghetti Soup for Two




1 C left over spaghetti sauce
1 C chicken broth
Thin, cooked spaghetti
Parmesan cheese, finely grated

Combine broth and spaghetti sauce. Add more broth if necessary to bring mixture to a lovely consistency. Heat gently. Add hot pasta to two serving bowls. Ladle soup over each serving. Garnish with finely grated Parmesan cheese. Serve.

Thursday, April 14, 2011

2-3 Spring Rolls

Spring rolls are like a dainty cousin to the more familiar egg roll. The spring roll skin is very thin and crisps up quickly when deep fried. Traditional spring rolls contain less filling than an egg roll and are, consequently,  less filling to eat. Many types of ingredients may be used to fill a spring roll and in their many countries of origin, these rolls are served as a springtime appetizer.

Most oriental restaurants feature egg rolls and sometimes spring rolls as menu items. The fillings for both should be a tasty, savory vegetable mixture and may include meat or seafood pieces; the exterior is a crisp, fried wrapping. Nothing is quite as wonderful as biting into a crisp, hot egg or spring roll that has been dipped into one of the traditional sauces – mustard, sweet ‘n sour, or soy.

Spring rolls are actually easier to make than egg rolls because they are smaller and the wrapping does not degrade as easily by moisture from the filling before frying. I make the filling a day or so ahead of time and refrigerate it until it is needed.

This tasty treat may be served as a traditional appetizer or, if you love them as much as I do, as the entrée.



Spring Rolls






¼ C celery, finely chopped
2 T carrot, finely chopped
2 green onions, finely chopped
1 C bean sprouts
2 T green pepper, finely chopped
½ C cooked chicken, finely chopped (beef, pork or seafood may be used)
2 T melted margarine
1-2 T smooth peanut butter
Pepper blend and salt to taste

8 spring roll skins

Oil

Prepare vegetables as indicated and mix well in a bowl. Add bean sprouts and margarine, mix gently but thoroughly. Mix in peanut butter until well blended. Add chicken and mix well. Salt and pepper to taste. Cover and refrigerate until needed. (Chopped water chestnuts may also be used in filling).

Heat at least 2 inches of oil on med-high heat in a pot to 375 degrees. Use a deep-fry thermometer.

Meanwhile, peel off one spring roll skin from stack and place on a flat surface with one corner nearest you. Spoon 2 T filling in a horizontal line at one end of the skin.






Fold nearest corner over filling and tuck under slightly.








Fold both side corners toward the center.








Continue rolling toward the farthest corner. Moisten last two inches of edges and finish the roll.







Place finished roll aside and continue with remaining skins. Check oil temperature. If it is too hot, remove pot from burner to bring the temperature back to where it should be. With tongs, gently lower one or two rolls into the hot oil. When one side is lightly browned, turn roll over. If spring roll will not stay rolled to second side, press roll gently down under the oil with tongs to complete browning process. Remove from oil and drain on paper towels. Serve with dipping sauces. Makes 8 spring rolls.





Dipping sauces: Brown mustard, sweet ‘n sour sauce, cranberry sauce, soy sauce.





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